The term “Bon-sai” (sometimes misspelled as “Bonzai”) is a Japanese term that means “placed in a container.”
The name bonsai is often used to refer to the art of creating miniature-scale trees, but it is much more than that.
Bonsai is a type of horticulture that combines horticultural skills with aesthetic applications to create miniature replicas of trees seen in nature. Bonsai isn’t precise replicas of trees found in nature. Rather, they are evocations of nature’s spirit.
Are you unsure what the term “bonsai” means? Here is the perfect explanation about the bonsai definition, meaning and symbolism.
What is bonsai plant Exactly
To limit and redirect healthy growth, techniques such as pinching buds, trimming and wiring branches, and carefully reducing but not abandoning fertilizers are used.
Bonsai are not genetically shrunken plants and are typically kept under four feet (or around a meter) in height. Plants with smaller leaves, on the other hand, make these compositions easier to construct.
In reality, any plant species with a woody stem or trunk that grows true branches and smaller or reducible leaves that may be used to create a Bonsai can be successfully cultivated in a container to restrict its roots/food storage capability.
The ultimate goal of growing a Bonsai is to create a miniaturized but realistic representation of nature in the form of a tree.
Bonsai are not genetically dwarfed plants, in fact, any tree species can be used to grow one. They are manmade shapes that suggest nature-as does, say, an impressionist painting rather than duplicate nature, as a photograph might.
The artist’s feeling for balance, form, and line combine with nature’s juices to evoke a larger and deeper concept.
Misconceptions about Bonsai
As with all human endeavors, knowledge is the key that unlocks everything. This is as true of Bonsai. as it is of mathematics.
Bonsai need not be shrouded in mystery, and the Japanese and Chinese need not have the monopoly of wisdom in this area.
Because of the mystique which has grown up over the years around bonsai, many misconceptions and myths have gained credence.
The common myths are:
- The dwarfing process inflicts great pain on the tree.
This widespread misconception has probably been fostered by memories of the ancient Chinese custom of foot binding in which the feet of young girls were prevented from growing by having tight bandaging from a very early age.
This was indeed a cruel custom that has, of course, long been banned in China. However, people in the West still associate this practice with the dwarfing technique used in Bonsai/, for obvious reasons.
Of course, anyone who is a gardener will know that branch and root pruning are essential elements in gardening. So with Bonsai, root pruning is necessary and is widely practiced by gardeners and nurserymen the world over.
- A Bonsai tree is first grown from seed planted in a grapefruit skin and that ask the roots grow through the skin they are clipped or singed to keep the tree dwarfed.
Again, nothing could be further from the truth. It is hard to imagine how a seed could develop into a tree in a grapefruit skin without the skin rotting and getting mouldy.No one knows how this particular myth developed but it is one which is often heard.
Bonsai tree definition
So far I have described only what a Bonsai is not. But what is a Bonsai? A Bonsai, or miniature tree, has sometimes been described by cynics as a horticultural pygmy with delusions of grandeur.
The Japanese art genre was given a name based on the Chinese characters for its earlier dwarf potted tree landscapes. In Japanese, bonsai is written as 盆栽. In a nutshell, the definition of Bonsai is as follows:
A dish or thin bowl is represented by the Japanese character “Bon” [left character], which means “a modified vessel that has been divided or cut down from a deeper form.”
“sai” [right character] is a tree or other growing plant that is planted-“placed,” as a halberd, spear, or pike would be.
“A tree placed in a shallow container” is what “bonsai” signifies or denotes.
Bonsai tree meaning
We now know that the literal translation of Bonsai is “tree in a pot,” but what exactly does that mean? A Bonsai tree is a small tree that replicates nature without revealing human interference.
The connotations or added/implied Bonsai tree meanings include:
- A style or shape that resembles a tree (Despite the fact that it is not necessary natural for that type of plant to develop to full size in the wild).
- A profile that isn’t quite as comprehensive as a photographically actual tree, but has enough details to represent a fully grown tree.
- For ease of transport and proximity, relative smallness when compared to those identical types of trees outside of the container.
- A sense of naturalness that has been gradually enhanced by human involvement but is not tainted by overt signs of human interaction.
- A specific portrayal of something far larger than itself, allowing each viewer to interpret and build on what is displayed depending on his or her own experiences and memories.
- Something so valuable that it has been looked after for almost every day of its [presumably lengthy] containerized existence.
- Something so valuable that it was allowed to be briefly taken into the home for valued guests, despite the fact that it contained garden soil.
- A portable oasis and transportable tiny garden that can be used to symbolise the seasons and huge or preferred locations for meditation or contemplation.
- A foot-high tree that’s years older than you are now.
- These are just a few points, it depends on you to decide what Bonsai means to you.
Bonsai Tree Meaning as a gift
Giving or receiving a bonsai tree as a gift is a one-of-a-kind method to show friendship, love, and respect. Giving a plant as a gift creates a living link between people.
Giving a bonsai should only be done by persons with patience and a desire to display their artistic side. You must select the greatest bonsai tree to give to a loved one.
A bonsai gift can bring a small piece of nature into someone’s house, according to the description and symbolism stated above. This could be a fantastic option for a city location.
Another thing to think about when presenting a bonsai tree as a gift is to commemorate special occasions like birthdays. Bonsai is a gift that, with appropriate care, can offer them a lifelong companion.
Arbor day/earth day celebrations are a modern occasion that is ideal for giving a bonsai as a gift. The significance of a present at this time is clear: caring for a bonsai equates to caring for the ecosystem as a whole.
Bonsai size classifications
Bonsai’s ultimate goal is to create a realistic representation of nature. A Bonsai becomes more abstract as it becomes smaller (even down to a few inches/centimeters), rather than more accurately mimicking nature.
Several Bonsai classifications have been proposed, and while the exact sizes of the classifications are debatable, they aid in understanding the aesthetic and botanical components of Bonsai. Originally, the classes were based on the number of men required to lift the tree.
The size classifications, increasing in size
- Keshitsubo: 1-3″ (3-8cm)
- Shito: 2-4″ (5-10cm)
- Mame: 2-6″ (5-15cm)
- Shohin: 5-8″ (13-20cm)
- Komono: 6-10″ (15-25cm)
- Katade-mochi: 10-18″ (25-46cm)
- Chumono / Chiu: 16-36″ (41-91cm)
- Omono / Dai: 30-48″ (76-122cm)
- Hachi-uye: 40-60″ (102-152cm)
- Imperial: 60-80″ (152-203cm)
Is Bonsai an Art form?
A Bonsai, on the other hand, is a miniature artistic reproduction of a natural tree. Bonsai is, indeed, a sort of art.
It has all of the key aesthetic components of composition, balance, perspective, depth, texture, color, and so on, just like any other visual art form such as painting or sculpture.
The comparison of Bonsai to painting in general, and landscape painting in particular, is particularly apt. Both landscape painting and Bonsai have the same goal: to recreate what one sees in nature on a smaller scale.
The art of bonsai
In the same way that a painting attempts to recreate a wide scene spanning several kilometers or miles on a small piece of canvas, Bonsai aims to make a miniature no more than a meter high from something that would ordinarily grow to 30 meters or more in nature.
In fact, the Chinese practice a type of Bonsai known as pen-jing, or potted landscape. Saikei, or tray scenery, is the Japanese equivalent.
The goal of this type of Bonsai is to create a three-dimensional scene out of real living plant material.
The art of growing trees in pots has evolved into a highly sophisticated art form throughout the years. Bonsai is more than just cultivating healthy trees in containers.
The trees must be stunning on their own. Together, the pot and the tree must form a coherent whole. Some Bonsai live to be quite ancient; there are Bonsai in Japan now that is thought to be 500 to 700 years old.
Their documented history as Bonsai may be traced back at least 300 years. However, the age of the tree is not the most significant criterion; the beauty of the tree is.
Continuing with the painting analogy, Bonsai masterpieces must be mentioned. In the same way that there are masterpieces in painting, truly attractive specimens of these tiny trees are considered masterpieces in their own right in Bonsai.
These Bonsai masterpieces are generally very old trees that are well over 200 years old, and they are, predictably, held in great regard. They have an incalculable value since they are living antiquities.
In one key way, however, a specimen Bonsai tree differs from a great painting or sculpture. A painting or sculpture is a completed work of art, whereas a Bonsai masterpiece is alive, changing, and never completed.
If it wants to keep its beauty and fame, it must be kept in good shape at all times. The responsibility is ongoing, and it is frequently passed down from generation to generation.
Few individuals are uninterested in these little trees; some are drawn to them because of their antiquity, while others are drawn to them because of their sheer beauty.
Most individuals are simply fascinated by the idea of downsizing, and many people miss the whole point of Bonsai if they focus solely on the horticultural component of this hobby. Bonsai is, above all, a form of art.
A good Bonsai resembles a natural tree and can range in height from a few centimeters to a meter. The most essential characteristics are neither size nor age.
The aesthetic impact on the person looking at the tree is what is important. It must capture the splendor and majesty of a tree in its natural habitat.
The Bonsai artist will have succeeded if it looks like a real tree, but it is vital to remember that in Bonsai, one is producing an image or an illusion; unlike Coca-Cola, a Bonsai is not ‘the actual thing.’
This effect can be created in a variety of ways by the Bonsai artist. However, the final product must be visually appealing, pleasing both the sight and the soul!
Bonsai tree pots and trays
A Bonsai’s container is, by definition, an intrinsic element of the tree. Pots are available in a variety of shapes and sizes. They range in size from thimble-sized pots to those designed for trees that are over 2 m (6 ft) tall.
Bonsai pots are traditionally made of ceramic material, usually stoneware clay. Stoneware pots are used because they are frost-proof and relatively cheap.
Some pots are made from porcelain, but they are rather more expensive. Pots that are made from red or white earthenware clay (such as is used for making ordinary tableware) are not recommended for use in temperate climates since they soon crack in the frost.
Plastic pots can be bought but they have not proved to be very popular because they are not as durable as stoneware pots.
Pots are to Bonsai as clothes are to people. A Bonsai pot can literally alter the appearance of a tree. Like clothes, pots have been subject to changes in fashion.
At the turn of the century, it was fashionable to use deep round Bonsai pots. These were often highly decorative and made from porcelain. In recent years shallower pots have become the vogue.
A Bonsai pot must have good drainage or else its value for Bonsai will be extremely limited. The larger and the more numerous the holes the better.
A good pot should not have areas within it that trap water, since otherwise, the roots would soon rot. Aside from the technical factors, the choice of the pot is basically an aesthetic decision.
There are some pots that have no holes. They are called water-basins, sui-poon or sui-ban and are used almost exclusively for displaying rock landscapes or sui-seki, water stones.
Fiberglass is sometimes used for making very large pots where lightness and strength are important factors. for the ordinary DIY enthusiast, concrete pots can be extremely attractive as an alternative to proper ceramic ones.